Chip Taylor Communications

Subject: Arts: Art & Artists

Art: Transatlantic Modernism Series

Art historian and author Wanda Corn (The Color of Mood; The Art of Andrew Wyeth; Grant Wood) examines the cultural dynamics that linked art circles in Paris and New York in the opening decades of the 20th century, focusing on painting, sculpture, art films, literature and the decorative arts. Produced Click for more

6. NY: Symbolism and Abstraction in the Stieglitz Circle 2

06. NY: Symbolism and Abstraction in the Stieglitz Circle 2

Alfred Stieglitz's Second Circle, composed of American artists, displayed a kind of abstraction that was based on organic forms and influenced by the heritage of the Hudson River School, the sublimity of nature, and transcendentalist philosophy. Their works defined a group aesthetic that was purely American. Artist Arthur Dove, like John Marin, conveyed his personal experiences through abstraction and used the traditional medium of watercolor in his early years. Dove started with a small pivotal experience and moved beyond it to the abstract in a controlled way through his forms and his distinctive earthy palette. His landscapes hint at music, growth, and organic material. Foghorns of 1929 displays the Synesthesia theory, which is the ability to evoke one sense with another sense. Dove uses color to suggest sound, making the work descriptive, yet abstract. Georgia O'Keeffe, another of the Circle, also started with watercolor but switched to oil, signifying a change to more modern methods. She constantly experimented with ideas and worked at developing her own artistic vocabulary of flowing organic forms, with their allusions to nature and anatomy. Alfred Stieglitz brought photography into the same state of abstraction as Dove and O'Keeffe were doing with painting. His series Songs of the Sky, based on photographs of changing cloud formations, hints that art is an ever-moving experience and that it can never fully capture nature. Later pictures in this series lose any base in nature, becoming total abstractions by cropping the images. Stieglitz's photographs become a critique of the ordinary life. 98/09DE JSCA 60 min.
Also See: NY: Symbolism and Abstraction in the Stieglitz Circle 1 and Georgia O'Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz

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